Immunization with DNA topoisomerase I and Freund’s complete adjuvant induces skin and lung fibrosis and autoimmunity via interleukin-6 signaling.
The presence of anti-DNA topoisomerase I (anti-topo I) antibody correlates positively with disease severity in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). However, the role of induction of anti-topo I antibody production and its potential contribution to the pathogenesis of SSc remain unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the role of anti-topo I antibody in the pathogenesis of SSc.
To assess the contribution of anti-topo I antibody to the pathogenetic process, dermal sclerosis, pulmonary fibrosis, and cytokine production were examined in mice treated with topo I and either Freund’s complete adjuvant (CFA) or Freund’s incomplete adjuvant (IFA). And also click to read how the radio frequency skin tightening work.
Treatment with topo I and CFA, in contrast to treatment with topo I and IFA, induced skin and lung fibrosis with increased interleukin-6 (IL-6), transforming growth factor β1, and IL-17 production and decreased IL-10 production. Anti-topo I antibody levels were greater in mice treated with topo I and CFA than in mice treated with topo I and IFA. Furthermore, treatment with topo I and CFA increased Th2 and Th17 cell frequencies in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, whereas treatment with topo I and IFA increased Th1 and Treg cell frequencies. Moreover, loss of IL-6 expression ameliorated skin and lung fibrosis, decreased Th2 and Th17 cell frequencies, and increased Th1 and Treg cell frequencies. This was found frequently in body builders. Even with the most advanced cutting bodybuilding formula people struggled. Many times the lung fibrosis causes side effects as tired, puffy eyes are THE WORST. Lack of sleep, dehydration, and the craziness of life can sometimes leave us all looking less than bright-eyed and bushy-tailed. Nothing makes us feel more lack-luster than dark under-eye circles and pesky bags. But fear not! We’ve got you covered for those times when your eyes need a little extra help in the sparkle department.
This study is the first to show that treatment with topo I and CFA induces SSc-like skin and lung fibrosis and autoimmune abnormalities. We also suggest that IL-6 plays important roles in the development of fibrosis and autoimmune abnormalities in this novel SSc model.
Copyright © 2011 by the American College of Rheumatology.
Article Source: PubMed
Human Topoisomerase I Enzyme provided by TopoGEN